Potten EndChurch of England Primary School

Growing, Laughing, Learning, Succeeding together through faith

The Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 Curriculum

During the first term when a child enters Year 1, they begin Key Stage 1. They remain in this Key Stage until the end of Year 2. At the beginning of Year 3, they are entering Key Stage 2, where they remain until the end of Year 6. In these Key Stages (and beyond, into secondary schooling) children are taught according to the National Curriculum. This is split into ‘Core Subjects’ and ‘Foundation Subjects’ (not to be confused with the Foundation Stage described above). The Core Subjects are English, Mathematics, Science and Computing. The Foundation Subjects are Geography, History, Art and Design, Physical Education (PE), Music, Computing,  and Design Technology. There is also a requirement for schools to teach Religious Education (RE) and Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) and Citizenship



We use a variety of teaching and learning styles in English lessons. Each week children experience a combination of whole-class shared reading or writing activities, whole-class focused, guided group or independent activities and whole-class sessions to review progress and learning. Learning is centred around quality literary texts and poetry. We encourage children to use and apply their learning in other areas of the curriculum. In Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1, there is a daily focussed phonics lesson (Letters and Sounds). In Key Stage 2, children practise individual spellings daily and year specific spellings are embedded within the English curriculum. We teach fully joined up cursive handwriting script from the onset.



We teach Mathematics through a daily lesson that has a combination of whole-class and group teaching. During these lessons we encourage children to ask as well as answer mathematical questions. They have the opportunity to work on their own, using a wide range of resources such as number lines, number squares, digit cards and small apparatus to support their work.


Science is taught in line with the requirements of the National Curriculum 2014. Sometimes we teach Science through whole-class teaching, while at other times we engage the children in an enquiry-based research activity. We encourage the children to ask, as well as answer, scientific questions. They have the opportunity to use a variety of data, such as statistics, graphs, pictures, and photographs.



This is taught in line with the requirements of the new National Curriculum and includes programming, the use of technologies and digital literacy, including e-safety.


The National Curriculum Foundation Subjects

In the Foundation subjects we strive to make learning meaningful and relevant by making links between subjects. In many cases, more than one subject can be addressed at the same time, for example, when simulating historical artifacts (History and Art). In our foundation subject lessons, we aim to stimulate understanding and interest in that subject and to allow children opportunity to develop their imagination and creativity.


Religious Education and Collective Worship

We follow the Hertfordshire Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education. During their time at Potten End School children will find out about the faiths of Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism and Judaism, but with a strong emphasis on Christianity. During Religious Education activities, children will be given many opportunities to consider their own and others’ thoughts, beliefs and feelings and to find out how and why people of different religious backgrounds take part in a range of activities and celebrations.